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Nim is a statically typed compiled systems programming language. It combines successful concepts from mature languages like Python, Ada and Modula.

Examples

If...else, Case/switch:

var conditional = 42

if conditional < 0:
  echo "conditional < 0"
elif conditional > 0:
  echo "conditional > 0"
else:
  echo "conditional == 0"

var ternary = if conditional == 42: true else: false

var another =
  if conditional == 0:
    "zero"
  elif conditional mod 2 == 0:
    "even"
  else:
    "odd"


# Case switch.
var letter = 'c'

case letter
of 'a':
  echo "letter is 'a'"
of 'b', 'c':
  echo "letter is 'b' or 'c'"
of 'd'..'h':
  echo "letter is between 'd' and 'h'"
else:
  echo "letter is another character"

Comprehensions:

import std/[sugar, tables, sets, sequtils, strutils]

let variable0 = collect(newSeq):
  for item in @[-9, 1, 42, 0, -1, 9]:
    item * 2

assert variable0 == @[-18, 2, 84, 0, -2, 18]

let variable1 = collect(initTable):
  for key, value in @[0, 5, 9]:
    {key: value div 2}

assert variable1 == {0: 0, 1: 2, 2: 4}.toTable

let variable2 = collect(initHashSet):
  for item in @[-9, 1, 42, 0, -1, 9]:
    {item + item}

assert variable2 == [2, 18, 84, 0, -18, -2].toHashSet

assert toSeq(1..15).mapIt(
    if it mod 15 == 0:  "FizzBuzz"
    elif it mod 5 == 0: "Buzz"
    elif it mod 3 == 0: "Fizz"
    else: $it
  ).join(" ").strip == "1 2 Fizz 4 Buzz Fizz 7 8 Fizz Buzz 11 Fizz 13 14 FizzBuzz"

Simple:

import std/strformat

type
  Person = object
    name: string
    age: Natural # Ensures the age is positive

let people = [
  Person(name: "John", age: 45),
  Person(name: "Kate", age: 30)
]

for person in people:
  # Type-safe string interpolation,
  # evaluated at compile time.
  echo(fmt"{person.name} is {person.age} years old")


# Thanks to Nim's 'iterator' and 'yield' constructs,
# iterators are as easy to write as ordinary
# functions. They are compiled to inline loops.
iterator oddNumbers[Idx, T](a: array[Idx, T]): T =
  for x in a:
    if x mod 2 == 1:
      yield x

for odd in oddNumbers([3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18]):
  echo odd


# Use Nim's macro system to transform a dense
# data-centric description of x86 instructions
# into lookup tables that are used by
# assemblers and JITs.
import macros, strutils

macro toLookupTable(data: static[string]): untyped =
  result = newTree(nnkBracket)
  for w in data.split(';'):
    result.add newLit(w)

const
  data = "mov;btc;cli;xor"
  opcodes = toLookupTable(data)

for o in opcodes:
  echo o

Prologue: Full-Stack Web Framework written in Nim. Website

https://github.com/nim-lang/Nim
Nim is a compiled, garbage-collected systems programming language with a design that focuses on efficiency, expressiveness, and elegance (in that order of priority).


Tags: language  

Last modified 26 May 2024